In continuation of crisis in Pakistan
The crisis which virtually ensued in the very early days of independence, as given by us from time to time as our blog, has by now become unfathomably deep. What are its dimensions and what are its root causes can be summed up as under: - 1. The Radcliffe award which vivisected Pakistan and part of Gurdasspur district went to India as its result and we could not remedy the evil. This award virtually created Kashmir issue for Pakistan. The response to Pakistan Government’s directive for the armed forces to launch an attack against aggressive Indian forces was rebuffed by the CAC on the ground that he was not subordinate to Governor General of Pakistan and it was rather Field Marshall Auckenly who was the authority to make such commands. 2. While Kashmir issue was budding Indian Forces unlawfully usurped Hyderabad Deccan thereafter Bhopal, Manawar and other principalities which were to join Pakistan. There were multiple reasons for Pakistani navigators to be helpless in these storms. 3. The Pakhtunistan craze demonstrated by Abdur Ghaffar Khan and supported by India had its origin in Durand line issue which was not permanently settled between British Government and Kabul. 4. Language issue raised by East Bengal students led by Mujeeb ur Rehman was another flash point in Pakistan’s difficulties and troubles. Inter-alia among these difficulties and troubles the parent political party Muslim League - after demise of Quaid-e-Azam on 19th September 1948, after about a year of 14th August 1947 – proved to be a combination of selfish and incompetent leaders including Liaquat Ali Khan, Ayub Khorro, Mumtaz Doltana etc. each of whom was busy in consolidating himself as inevitable hero than to look after the people of Pakistan. This palace politics of Muslim League made mockery of the Nation and there only argument was that they were among the compatriots of Quaid-e-Azam whose mission they had betrayed. Their narrative could not remedy their evils which the Nation is paying today. The infight among the politicians encouraged Commander in Chief of Pakistan army to impose Martial Law to abrogate constitution of 1956 which was enacted after a long struggle and was based on compromises between East Pakistan and West Pakistan. The anchor rock of 1956 constitution was principal of Parity instead of equality whereby 56% East Pakistani citizens were reduced to be equal of 44% of newly constituted West Pakistan province. To add to the confusion so created the clerics came up with their divergent plead of Islam as believed by each of them to be made system of the state and it was said that Pakistan must be a theo-democracy. (Refer Maulana Maududi’s writing and speeches on Islamic State) This call of the clergy instigated Shia minority to avoid violation on their dogma and to snub them to be silent so far as their version of Islam was concerned. Ayub Khan anticipating the clergy’s designs to make Pakistan a theatre of sectarian strife promulgated his one-man constitution and gave it a secular color when he instead of Islamic republic of Pakistan enacted that Pakistan shall be Republic of Pakistan. The other aspect nature and number of crises shall follow. If learned readers have any corrective suggestions to the above, that will be entertained without any grumble.